History of Mosquito ControlMosquito control began in Nassau County in 1915 as a response to mosquito-borne malarial outbreaks. Kerosene and "No. 2" fuel oil were used to coat bodies of standing water, suffocating the mosquito larvae and reducing the adult mosquito populations. The malarial threat was under control by 1920, but the practice of spraying oil on standing water continued for mosquito nuisance control.
In the 1930s, after the formation of a Mosquito Commission in Nassau County, ditching became an effective way of draining salt marshes to reduce mosquito-breeding areas. In 1948, the Nassau County Department of Public Works (NCDPW) took over mosquito control in Nassau County. At that time, existing control measures were improved by mechanizing ditching procedures, using spray trucks, and using new mosquito-control products.
Integrated Pest Management
In 1999, with the outbreak of West Nile Virus (WNV), NCDPW and the Nassau County Department of Health (NCDOH) began to work together to suppress mosquito populations through mosquito surveillance and control. Both departments are committed to utilizing the integrated pest management (IPM) approach, which focuses on long-term suppression or prevention with a minimal impact on the environment and on non-target organisms.
IPM control measures emphasize prevention and promote the most environmentally benign measures, such as water management and physical control methods, and natural and biological controls, including larvicides targeted to specific areas. Pesticides that kill adult mosquitoes on contact (also called adulticides) are used only when a public health threat is imminent and other control measures have proved insufficient.
Links and Documents
- Positive Declaration
- Draft Scoping Document
- Nassau County Mosquito Control Plan
- Generic Environmental Impact Statement (GEIS) Process
- Scope of Public Meeting
- Nassau County Department of Health - West Nile Virus Information
- Draft Generic Environmental Impact Statement Notice of Completion (NOC) & Notice of Public Hearing
- Draft Generic Environmental Impact Statement (DGEIS)